By.Thomas Ochieng, API|-Kenya
The Africa adaptation programme(AAP) with expectation of developing Dynamic, long-term planning mechanisms to manage the inherent uncertainties of climate change in Africa, has been developed with the support of the Japanese government and the united nation development programme(UNDP).Has developed models to enhance Leadership capacities and institutional frameworks to manage climate change risks and opportunities in an integrated manner at the local and national levels. The programme emphasizes the need to develop Climate-resilient policies and measures that are to be implemented in priority sectors in line with
financing options to meet national adaptation costs expanded at the local, national, sub-regional and regional levels; and the Knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate change risks and opportunities generated and shared across all levels.
The challenges of climate change are manifested in the rapid deforestation and desertification that has engulfed the continent at a very alarming rate, with a net effect of affecting the socio-economic foundation of many states in Africa today. Under this AAP initiative, UNDP will assist 20 African countries in implementing integrated and comprehensive adaptation actions and resilience plans. The projects will ensure that national development processes incorporate climate change risks and opportunities to secure development gains under a changing climate. UNDP and the Japanese government will help countries establish an enabling environment and develop the capacity required to design, finance, implement, and monitor long-term and cost-effective adaptation policies and plans that are custom-made for each state in the continent.
Africa will host the climate talk in Durban as a follow-up of the Cancun Mexico meeting that concluded that, all countries commits to keeping temperature rise below 2C (3.6F) by reducing emissions. Rich countries also some how agreed to consider an extension of the Kyoto Protocol while poor countries agreed to sign up to emission cuts for the first time. There are also a series of key decisions on setting up a green fund to help poor countries cope with climate change and halting deforestation. The resolution although supported with reservations particularly from rich countries, is welcome to the continent that is the less emitter of greenhouse gases but the great casualty in the climate change perspective. It’s noteworthy to state that the Africa adaptation programme which recognizes the importance of grassroots’ participation and active involvement in
the planning and execution of adaptation agenda. This is a position that should be on top of Africa priority at the COP 17 Durban meeting.