EAPI argues that despite notable significance and the emergence of the so-called “humanitarian intervention”, the logical responsibility to protect human life tends sometimes to dominate many debates on what can be done to stop the occurrence and the replica of atrocities among communities. This is to say that rebuilding political, economic and social order in the aftermath of an intervention is occasionally fraught with difficulty.
In “humanitarian intervention”, underlie international law and international relations being the dynamics of sovereignty and the inevitable question of selectivity during intervention. This triggers the question are external influences, authoritarian institutions, political cultures, propaganda proxy wars and the politics of hard sovereignty has something to do with the root causes of conflicts being witnessed in many East African Communities in the 21 century?
That, that is embedded in the so-called ‘international rescue’ from outside, sometimes neglects the role that local communities can play in protecting themselves in case of any eventuality. It’s therefore arguable that, a better understanding of the implications of the international intervention paradigm, and the proper scrutinization of the actual and the legitimate role played by international community; when assisting people help themselves in the face of massive violence, prompts some digging.
Moreover, the practices of intervention can be viewed to encapsulate an important paradox. Presumably, intervention at some point violates and reaffirms state sovereignty. For example, the 1994 Rwanda genocide and Somalia intervention after the fall of President Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991 is arguably that three strategies — genocide, crimes against humanity and violations of human rights — function to legitimize intervention and serve as imperatives for action.
However, this asserts that intervention does not necessarily take place at the expense of state sovereignty. Rather, legitimization of intervention concurrently and convincingly combines as well as gives valuable meaning to human sovereignty and state sovereignty.
Therefore Revisiting “humanitarian intervention” in this context, underpins that it forms no foundational building block for structural problems in the aftermath of the ‘outside intervention’ as it arguably fall outside the parameters of conventional wisdom. I mean, why? From a personal point of view, i think “humanitarian intervention” offers a mirror of global politics as they actually exist, and how the world is being manipulatively run in the name of “humanitarian intervention”.
For example, after President Mohamed Siad Barre’s regime was overthrown in 1991, in 1992, the US Marines arrived ahead of UN peacekeepers in an attempt to restore order in preparation for the humanitarian aid grounds to reach to the suffering-population in Somalia due to the famine that ravaged the country after the fall of Barre.
On the contrary, the “humanitarian intervention” ended disastrously when two US Black Hawk helicopters were shot down. After the US marines helicopter was short down, the Somalia warlords celebrated the death of 19 American soldiers who were in the helicopter. As a result, the US withdrew their “humanitarian intervention”. Did this withdrawal leave the so much touted US policies in ruins as well as Somalia in chaos up to date? Well, i guess so.
Therefore, what makes peace in Somalia so elusive up to date? After the 1994 Rwanda Genocide, Rwanda under the leadership of the current President Paul Kagame, managed fundamental restructuring of state-society relations.
To justify the argument mentioned above, if you visit Kigali-the capital city of Rwanda today, you will be amazed to find out that it’s one of the most cleanest city in Africa. May be Somalia needs to emulate Rwanda in that context, and restore law and order. Well, that is my say, what is your say?
The author of the article is Lesiamito Malino John, from Oslo, Norway. The author is a postgraduate student in Information Systems and Computing, and can be reached on Lesiamito@gmail.com