African Press International (API)

"Daily Online News Channel".


  • African Press International Daily Online News Channel

  • * * API on Facebook

  • Total Visitors

    • 5,359,329 HITS
  • Flag tracker

    web counter
  • RSS BBC News – Africa

    • Nigeria schoolgirls 'still missing' April 18, 2014
      Nigeria's military rows back on an earlier statement that most of the teenage girls abducted by suspected Islamist militants had been freed.
    • UN outrage at South Sudan attack April 19, 2014
      The UN expresses outrage at a deadly attack on one of its bases in South Sudan, saying it could "constitute a war crime".
    • Algeria's president gets fourth term April 18, 2014
      Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who suffered a stroke last year, wins a fourth term in office taking more than 81% of the vote.
    • ICC calls Kenya Ruto trial witnesses April 18, 2014
      The International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague summons reluctant witnesses to testify at the trial of Kenya's Vice-President William Ruto.
    • I deserve more recognition - Toure April 18, 2014
      Manchester City's Yaya Toure thinks he is not regarded as one of the best players on the planet because he is from Africa.
    • French troops free Mali aid workers April 17, 2014
      French troops in Mali free five aid workers who were kidnapped in the north of the country by suspected Islamist militants in February.
    • Pistorius forensic tests challenged April 17, 2014
      The tests carried out by a forensic expert for Oscar Pistorius' murder trial are rigorously challenged by the state prosecutor in South Africa.
    • Senegal's Karim Wade 'to face trial' April 17, 2014
      A Senegalese court rules that Karim Wade, the ex-president's son, should stand trial on corruption charges over his wealth, an official says.
    • Guinea-Bissau run-off to pick leader April 17, 2014
      Officials in Guinea-Bissau say a run-off vote will be held next month after no candidate won an outright victory in Sunday's presidential election.
    • Remittance fees 'hurt Africans' April 16, 2014
      Communities in sub-Saharan Africa are being "hurt" by high fees charged by money transfer operators, charity Comic Relief says.
    • UN mulls medal for peacekeepers April 16, 2014
      The UN Security Council hears a proposal to create a medal for bravery in UN peacekeeping, to be named after a Senegalese soldier who saved lives during the Rwandan genocide.
    • Head of oldest African park shot April 16, 2014
      The Belgian director of Africa's oldest national park - Virunga in the Democratic Republic of Congo - is shot and wounded in an ambush.
    • VIDEO: High security at S Sudan UN camp April 18, 2014
      South Sudan's government has sent troops to provide security at a United Nations base where at least 48 people were killed in an attack.
    • VIDEO: Abducted schoolgirls 'still missing' April 18, 2014
      The Nigerian military has admitted that most of the 129 girls abducted by Boko Haram Islamists from their school in the north-eastern state of Borno are still missing.
    • VIDEO: Pistorius trial day 24 - in 60 secs April 17, 2014
      Forensic tests carried out by an expert for Oscar Pistorius' murder trial have been rigorously challenged by the state prosecutor in South Africa.
    • AUDIO: 'Killing books' in Libya April 15, 2014
      Libyan author Mansour Bushnaf says Libya does not have much of reading culture because under Col Muammar Gaddafi, people were afraid of books.
    • VIDEO: At site of Nigeria bus station blast April 14, 2014
      A powerful bomb blast has ripped through a crowded bus station on the outskirts of Nigeria's capital, Abuja, killing at least 71 people.
    • VIDEO: Cleaning up Cairo's waste system April 14, 2014
      The Egyptian government is turning to its traditional rubbish collectors - the Zabaleen - to revolutionise Cario's waste disposal industry.
    • VIDEO: Pistorius trial shown prosthetic leg April 17, 2014
      The prosthetic leg belonging to Oscar Pistorius has been shown to the court during his murder trial. He denies murder, claiming he mistook Reeva Steenkamp for a burglar.
    • VIDEO: Pistorius trial day 23 - in 60 secs April 16, 2014
      The girlfriend of Oscar Pistorius was shot in quick succession as she fell down, a forensics expert has told the South African athlete's murder trial.
  • RSS BBC News – Home

  • RSS Reuters: Politics

  • RSS CNN.com – Africa

    • Luxury shoes made in Ghana April 15, 2014
      Fred Deegbe was standing outside a shop window five years ago, marveling at the shiny pair of wing-tip Oxfords he'd just bought, when he started wondering whether such beautiful designer shoes could ever be produced in his country, Ghana.
    • Meet Nigeria's 'Mark Zuckerberg' April 3, 2014
      At 23, many people around the world are still at university -- at that age, Gossy Ukanwoke had already started one.
    • Why we need more geek girls April 3, 2014
      "It was like taking a big leap of faith."
    • 'Uncle Ebo' revives Ghanaian theater April 15, 2014
      African Voices meets James Ebo Whyte a passionate storyteller with a series of successful plays to his credit.
    • How medics saved lives at Westgate April 9, 2014
      When gunmen stormed into Nairobi's Westgate shopping mall, Abbas Gullet was one of the first emergency responders on the scene. As head of Kenya's Red Cross, he was in charge of coordinating services for people in need.
    • Embracing Ghana's natural beauty April 1, 2014
      She started her business with just £100, lugging her beauty bag from door to door, but some 25 years later Grace Amey-Obeng has built a multi-million dollar cosmetics empire that's helping change the perception of beauty for many.
    • Africa's most endangered April 16, 2014
      Africa is home to much unique wildlife, but many of its iconic species are threatened. Find out more about its most endangered animals.
    • Secrets of 'gorilla whisperer' March 25, 2014
      Zain Verjee visits Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park -- the home of half of the world's endangered mountain gorilla population.
    • Savannah from the sky March 13, 2014
      It's almost impossible for a photographer to find fresh visual perspectives these days. Brooklyn-based Zack Seckler had to travel to a different continent and strap into an ultra-light aircraft to find one. His Botswana series presents the country from between 50 and 500 feet, providing a unique and captivating view of the savannah.
    • Why you should fear Boko Haram April 17, 2014
      Boko Haram's lethality is indisputable.
    • You gotta try South African BBQ April 17, 2014
      Grilled zebra anyone? Peri-peri warthog? This is how to barbecue, South Africa style.
    • Inside an Ebola isolation ward April 16, 2014
      Dr. Sanjay Gupta goes into an ebola clinic to find out what life is like for the patients inside.
    • Rating Pistorius's defense April 16, 2014
      After five days of intense cross-examination, has Olympian Oscar Pistorius helped or harmed his defense that he did not intentionally kill his girlfriend, model Reeva Steenkam?
    • Pop art condoms saving lives April 15, 2014
      The Center for African Family Studies in Nairobi has teamed up with Kenyan artist Michael Soi to create eye-catching condom wrappers to promote safe sex and raise awareness about HIV/AIDS among young people.
    • Ebola: A swift and bloody killer April 16, 2014
      It took only moments to feel the impact of what was happening here.
    • 'I lost my fingers, made new ones' April 14, 2014
      A South African carpenter lost his fingers in an accident -- now he's making mechanical fingers and hands for others.
    • Kenya double in London Marathon April 13, 2014
      World record-holder Wilson Kipsang completed a Kenyan double at the London Marathon Sunday as home hope Mo Farah disappointed on his debut over the 42km distance.
    • Pistorius at mercy of 'bull dog?' April 11, 2014
      He's known as the "bull dog" in South Africa's legal circles, and just two days in to Gerrie Nel's merciless cross-examination of Oscar Pistorius, it's easy to see why.
    • 'Now is the time for Afro-realism' April 11, 2014
      Over the last 20 years, the narrative on the African continent has shifted from Afro-pessimism to Afro-optimism. The truth lies somewhere in between. Now is the time for Afro-realism: for sound policies based on honest data, aimed at delivering results.
    • Africa's tastiest street food April 11, 2014
      Here are your photos of the tastiest -- and most unusual -- African street food.
  • Country Stats

    free counters

Color-enhanced electron micrograph of Ebola virus

Posted by African Press International on June 1, 2011

UGANDA: Anatomy of an Ebola outbreak

Color-enhanced electron micrograph of Ebola virus

KAMPALA,  – A confirmed case of the deadly Ebola virus in eastern Uganda three weeks ago has been quickly contained, leading health experts in the country to believe the virus has not spread.

“According to the present report, it seems the virus didn’t pass to anybody,” said Issa Makumba, head of epidemiology and surveillance in the Ministry of Health, said on 25 May.

A 12-year-old girl died on 6 May in Luwero district, just 75km from the country’s populous capital Kampala. Health officials said at the time that more cases were expected but to date, it remains the only confirmed case of the Sudan Ebola strain, which has a 50-60 percent fatality rate.

Ebola is a deadly disease characterized by fever, diarrhoea, severe blood loss and intense fatigue. It is transmitted through direct contact with the bodily fluids of infected persons.

Makumba said the speedy response of the National Task Force “has paid dividends” in the number of lives saved.

Uganda’s first outbreak in the northern Gulu district in 2000 killed 224 people, with 425 infected. It was the first time the Sudan strain had appeared in more than two decades, and remains the largest documented Ebola epidemic so far.

The second outbreak in 2007 that killed 37 people in the western Bundibugyo district took months for health officials to identify, according to Salim Wakabi, an Ebola researcher working with the Makerere University Walter Reed Project (MUWRP).

“It took about three months from the first dead up to the time the ministry said, ‘You know what, there is an Ebola outbreak’,” said Wakabi.

Makumba said the delay was due to it being a completely new strain – now coined the Bundibugyo strain. It presented less obviously than its Sudanese counterpart, and was easily mistaken for malaria.

This third outbreak of the contagious and incurable fever has now passed the halfway mark to 42 days, when officials will be able to declare the outbreak over, Makumba said.

Who does what

Outline of roles:

National Task Force
- led by government through the Ministry of Health
- coordinates national, district, sub-county, village health teams as well as local NGOs and outside partners;

Head of epidemiology and surveillance, Ministry of Health
- early detection and reporting of outbreaks
- heads coordination alongside Director General of Health Services;

WHO - provides technical support;

UNICEF – provides mass communication, public information;

Centre for Disease Control (CDC)
- laboratory support;
AFENET (religious non-profit), Uganda Red Cross Society
 - assist with surveillance, community mobilization/information;
 
USAID – logistical supplies;

Tullow Oil – recently donated 75 million shillings (US$32600) to help with social sensitization and mobilization.

(Source: Head of epidemiology and surveillance, Ministry of Health)

He attributed the quick response to heightened awareness and ongoing surveillance by health officials, as well as the state-of-the-art Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) laboratory in Entebbe that was able to quickly diagnose the disease.

Julius Lutwama, the head of laboratory activities at UVRI, has battled all three outbreaks in Uganda, and says this was the first time he had not had to go out into the field. 

“More and more people are getting used to the infection, coming in and being brave enough to go and investigate the cases,” he said.

Working on a vaccine

The lab is one of only a handful on the continent able to test for Ebola – and Uganda the first African country working towards developing a vaccine.

The team at the helm, MUWRP, is not one of the primary response units, but behind a long-term effort to try to establish the root and a possible cure. It is also trying to establish the factors that allow some infected by Ebola to survive, as well as researching the long-term health effects of being infected by the virus.

“The turn-out was overwhelming when we started the vaccine trial because people appreciate and know the problem is with us,” Lutwama said.

Makumba said Ebola was an “emerging pandemic” in Uganda, which needed long-term commitment by coordinating partners to be able to trace the rarely found source. “It’s becoming like cholera, every now and then we get it,” he said.

While primates have been the most common source of infection for humans, their high mortality rate suggests they are not the natural reservoir for the virus.

According to the World Health Organization, the reservoir “seems to reside in the rain-forests on the African continent and in the Western Pacific” but is still unknown, despite extensive studies.

Wakabi said the vaccine being developed in Uganda, if successful, would not be ready before five years. Last year, an experimental vaccine developed in the United States was found to cure the virus, but only if it was administered within 30 minutes of being infected.

While this was seen to be unhelpful in curbing epidemics, it could potentially save the lives of health workers infected at work.

pc/am/mw source www.irinnews.org

About these ads

One Response to “Color-enhanced electron micrograph of Ebola virus”

  1. I never thought I would agree with this option.

    Like this

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,228 other followers

%d bloggers like this: