African Press International (API)

"Daily Online News Channel".


  • African Press International Daily Online News Channel

  • * * API on Facebook

  • Total Visitors

    • 5,359,904 HITS
  • Flag tracker

    web counter
  • RSS BBC News – Africa

    • Algeria militants 'kill 11 soldiers' April 20, 2014
      Islamist militants have killed 11 Algerian soldiers in an ambush on a patrol in mountains east of the capital Algiers, security sources say.
    • Nigeria teacher in seized girls plea April 19, 2014
      The headmistress of a school in Nigeria calls on the government to do more to save teenage girls abducted by suspected Islamist militants.
    • 'Dozens die' in S Sudan cattle raid April 19, 2014
      Dozens of people are killed in a cattle raid in a remote herders' camp in South Sudan's northern Warrap state, local officials say.
    • Egypt left-winger to challenge Sisi April 19, 2014
      Egyptian left-winger Hamdeen Sabahi submits his official bid to run for president, the only challenger so far to ex-army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    • Algeria's president gets fourth term April 18, 2014
      Algeria's President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who suffered a stroke last year, wins a fourth term in office taking more than 81% of the vote.
    • UN outrage at South Sudan attack April 19, 2014
      The UN expresses outrage at a deadly attack on one of its bases in South Sudan, saying it could "constitute a war crime".
    • ICC calls Kenya Ruto trial witnesses April 18, 2014
      The International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague summons reluctant witnesses to testify at the trial of Kenya's Vice-President William Ruto.
    • French troops free Mali aid workers April 17, 2014
      French troops in Mali free five aid workers who were kidnapped in the north of the country by suspected Islamist militants in February.
    • Pistorius forensic tests challenged April 17, 2014
      The tests carried out by a forensic expert for Oscar Pistorius' murder trial are rigorously challenged by the state prosecutor in South Africa.
    • Senegal's Karim Wade 'to face trial' April 17, 2014
      A Senegalese court rules that Karim Wade, the ex-president's son, should stand trial on corruption charges over his wealth, an official says.
    • Guinea-Bissau run-off to pick leader April 17, 2014
      Officials in Guinea-Bissau say a run-off vote will be held next month after no candidate won an outright victory in Sunday's presidential election.
    • Remittance fees 'hurt Africans' April 16, 2014
      Communities in sub-Saharan Africa are being "hurt" by high fees charged by money transfer operators, charity Comic Relief says.
    • VIDEO: Nigeria 'should do more' on abductions April 19, 2014
      Nigeria's military has admitted that most of the teenage girls abducted by suspected Islamist militants have not been freed as it earlier stated.
    • VIDEO: High security at S Sudan UN camp April 18, 2014
      South Sudan's government has sent troops to provide security at a United Nations base where at least 48 people were killed in an attack.
    • VIDEO: Abducted schoolgirls 'still missing' April 18, 2014
      The Nigerian military has admitted that most of the 129 girls abducted by Boko Haram Islamists from their school in the north-eastern state of Borno are still missing.
    • VIDEO: Pistorius trial day 24 - in 60 secs April 17, 2014
      Forensic tests carried out by an expert for Oscar Pistorius' murder trial have been rigorously challenged by the state prosecutor in South Africa.
    • AUDIO: 'Killing books' in Libya April 15, 2014
      Libyan author Mansour Bushnaf says Libya does not have much of reading culture because under Col Muammar Gaddafi, people were afraid of books.
    • VIDEO: At site of Nigeria bus station blast April 14, 2014
      A powerful bomb blast has ripped through a crowded bus station on the outskirts of Nigeria's capital, Abuja, killing at least 71 people.
    • VIDEO: Cleaning up Cairo's waste system April 14, 2014
      The Egyptian government is turning to its traditional rubbish collectors - the Zabaleen - to revolutionise Cario's waste disposal industry.
    • VIDEO: Pistorius trial shown prosthetic leg April 17, 2014
      The prosthetic leg belonging to Oscar Pistorius has been shown to the court during his murder trial. He denies murder, claiming he mistook Reeva Steenkamp for a burglar.
  • RSS BBC News – Home

    • Anger over 'slow' Korea ferry rescue April 20, 2014
      Families of passengers on a sunken South Korean ferry protest angrily over the rescue operation, scuffling with police on Jindo island.
    • Russian outrage at Ukraine killing April 20, 2014
      The Russian foreign ministry expresses outrage at a fatal shooting incident in eastern Ukraine which it blames on Ukrainian nationalists.
    • Norwich City 2-3 Liverpool April 20, 2014
      Liverpool open up a five-point lead at the top of the Premier League after a hard-fought 3-2 win over relegation-battling Norwich.
    • Quango chair resigns over bankruptcy April 20, 2014
      A businessman appointed by the prime minister to head a multibillion-pound quango steps down after it was revealed that he was bankrupt.
    • Archbishop highlights suffering April 20, 2014
      The Archbishop of Canterbury highlights the suffering of people in conflicts around the world during his Easter Sunday sermon.
    • Hostage reporters 'chained' in Syria April 20, 2014
      Four French journalists who spent 10 months in captivity in Syria were chained to each other and kept in basements without light, one recounts.
    • Mother tells of lion park ordeal April 20, 2014
      A mother tells of her family's lucky escape after their car caught fire in the lion enclosure at Longleat Safari Park.
    • Charities chief warns of extremism April 20, 2014
      Islamic extremism is the "most deadly" threat to charities in England and Wales, says William Shawcross, chairman of the Charity Commission.
    • William and Kate at Easter service April 20, 2014
      The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge attend an Easter Sunday church service in Sydney and take Prince George to the zoo as part of their overseas tour.
    • Wilshaw takes charge of Trojan Horse April 20, 2014
      Ofsted chief Sir Michael Wilshaw is to take personal charge of the watchdog's investigation into claims that a number of schools in Birmingham have been taken over by Muslim hardliners.
    • Garden centres 'want' Easter choice April 20, 2014
      The government is urged to end restrictions that prevent many garden centres in England and Wales from opening on Easter Sunday.
    • Brazil cars torched in protest April 20, 2014
      Residents of a poor community near Rio de Janeiro torch vehicles in protest at the deaths of two young men in incidents involving the police.
    • A political resignation and Labour's NHS plan - papers April 20, 2014
      A newspaper investigation prompting a Whitehall resignation, Labour's election plans and the latest in the alleged plot to "Islamise" schools all feature on Sunday's front pages.
    • Queen portrait released for birthday April 20, 2014
      A portrait of the Queen by celebrated British photographer David Bailey is being released to mark the monarch's 88th birthday.
    • Miranda 'in Generation Game talks' April 20, 2014
      Comedian Miranda Hart is in "early talks" with the BBC about a revival of game show The Generation Game.
    • Doherty beats Bingham to progress April 20, 2014
      Ken Doherty reaches the second round of the World Snooker Championship for the first time in eight years.
    • Hamilton eases to victory in China April 20, 2014
      Lewis Hamilton takes a dominant victory in the Chinese GP to win three consecutive races for the first time in his career.
    • Hopkins secures historic victory April 20, 2014
      Bernard Hopkins becomes the oldest boxer to unify a weight division with a split-decision victory in Washington.
    • 'Cast-off Borini takes Liverpool to brink of glory' April 19, 2014
      After Anfield flop Fabio Borini derails Chelsea, Liverpool will have only themselves to blame if they miss a first title in 24 years - Phil McNulty
    • Warner hoping for Trott recovery April 20, 2014
      Australia batsman David Warner hopes Jonathan Trott will return to cricket from his stress-related issues.
  • RSS Reuters: Politics

  • RSS CNN.com – Africa

    • Luxury shoes made in Ghana April 15, 2014
      Fred Deegbe was standing outside a shop window five years ago, marveling at the shiny pair of wing-tip Oxfords he'd just bought, when he started wondering whether such beautiful designer shoes could ever be produced in his country, Ghana.
    • Meet Nigeria's 'Mark Zuckerberg' April 3, 2014
      At 23, many people around the world are still at university -- at that age, Gossy Ukanwoke had already started one.
    • Why we need more geek girls April 3, 2014
      "It was like taking a big leap of faith."
    • 'Uncle Ebo' revives Ghanaian theater April 15, 2014
      African Voices meets James Ebo Whyte a passionate storyteller with a series of successful plays to his credit.
    • How medics saved lives at Westgate April 9, 2014
      When gunmen stormed into Nairobi's Westgate shopping mall, Abbas Gullet was one of the first emergency responders on the scene. As head of Kenya's Red Cross, he was in charge of coordinating services for people in need.
    • Embracing Ghana's natural beauty April 1, 2014
      She started her business with just £100, lugging her beauty bag from door to door, but some 25 years later Grace Amey-Obeng has built a multi-million dollar cosmetics empire that's helping change the perception of beauty for many.
    • Africa's most endangered April 16, 2014
      Africa is home to much unique wildlife, but many of its iconic species are threatened. Find out more about its most endangered animals.
    • Secrets of 'gorilla whisperer' March 25, 2014
      Zain Verjee visits Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park -- the home of half of the world's endangered mountain gorilla population.
    • Savannah from the sky March 13, 2014
      It's almost impossible for a photographer to find fresh visual perspectives these days. Brooklyn-based Zack Seckler had to travel to a different continent and strap into an ultra-light aircraft to find one. His Botswana series presents the country from between 50 and 500 feet, providing a unique and captivating view of the savannah.
    • Why you should fear Boko Haram April 17, 2014
      Boko Haram's lethality is indisputable.
    • You gotta try South African BBQ April 17, 2014
      Grilled zebra anyone? Peri-peri warthog? This is how to barbecue, South Africa style.
    • Inside an Ebola isolation ward April 16, 2014
      Dr. Sanjay Gupta goes into an ebola clinic to find out what life is like for the patients inside.
    • Rating Pistorius's defense April 16, 2014
      After five days of intense cross-examination, has Olympian Oscar Pistorius helped or harmed his defense that he did not intentionally kill his girlfriend, model Reeva Steenkam?
    • Pop art condoms saving lives April 15, 2014
      The Center for African Family Studies in Nairobi has teamed up with Kenyan artist Michael Soi to create eye-catching condom wrappers to promote safe sex and raise awareness about HIV/AIDS among young people.
    • Ebola: A swift and bloody killer April 16, 2014
      It took only moments to feel the impact of what was happening here.
    • 'I lost my fingers, made new ones' April 14, 2014
      A South African carpenter lost his fingers in an accident -- now he's making mechanical fingers and hands for others.
    • Kenya double in London Marathon April 13, 2014
      World record-holder Wilson Kipsang completed a Kenyan double at the London Marathon Sunday as home hope Mo Farah disappointed on his debut over the 42km distance.
    • Pistorius at mercy of 'bull dog?' April 11, 2014
      He's known as the "bull dog" in South Africa's legal circles, and just two days in to Gerrie Nel's merciless cross-examination of Oscar Pistorius, it's easy to see why.
    • 'Now is the time for Afro-realism' April 11, 2014
      Over the last 20 years, the narrative on the African continent has shifted from Afro-pessimism to Afro-optimism. The truth lies somewhere in between. Now is the time for Afro-realism: for sound policies based on honest data, aimed at delivering results.
    • Africa's tastiest street food April 11, 2014
      Here are your photos of the tastiest -- and most unusual -- African street food.
  • Country Stats

    free counters

Resettlement conflicts in Mozambique

Posted by African Press International on March 22, 2013

TETE,  - The coal boom in Mozambique’s northwestern Tete Province is pitting disgruntled locals against international mining conglomerates as commun ities living in the new mining areas are forced to relocate. 

The Brazilian mining giant Vale has been accused of resettling communities in inadequate areas with poorly constructed homes, and is now trying to make amends. The Indian steel company Jindal, meanwhile, is still in the process of moving communities from its mining area.

Luácio Foia lives in the village of Kassoka, in Changara District, just a few kilometres from Jindal’s new mining area. Coal is already being extracted ahead of the mine’s official inauguration, which is planned for later this month.

In his current location, Foia is able to pan for gold to supplement his farming income. Outside his house, he points at the ground and says, “Even right here you can find gold, but in the creeks there is more. If I don´t have anything, I take my tools and I go to the creeks… No one starves here.”

Foia, his wife and their eight children are among 565 families in three communities facing resettlement to an area where panning for gold will no longer be an option.

Awaiting the move

Since Jindal moved into the area in 2008, the people of Kassoka have not been able to open up new fields for farming or build new houses. Foia says that some families have already lost fields to the mine. Although they were compensated according to the size of their fields, the amounts did not take into account the presence of gold in the area.

The villagers’ resettlement has been delayed, first by their refusal to move to the area the company had selected, and then by the provincial government, which rejected Jindal’s initial resettlement plan.

Arsénio Mahajane, who has been hired by Jindal to manage the dialog with the families awaiting resettlement, claims he is very satisfied with the process: the communities have chosen the site they want to move to and now they are just waiting for the provincial government to approve the new resettlement plan.

“We are lucky; we had the possibility to learn from what happened with Vale’s resettlement in Cateme,” he told IRIN. “It has been like a school for us, and we are taking that in to account.”

“There is no water where we are going, no river…They also say we will have electricity, but who will pay for the electricity?”

But Foia complains that Jindal has employed a local leader as an assistant as a way to silence the community.

“He doesn´t represent us anymore. He has been bought by the company. He even says it himself, ‘I have a good life now. I will lose my job if I tell them what you think’.”

Foia also has concerns about the site they will be moving to, which was selected by local leaders and which he has not seen for himself. “There is no water where we are going, no river. Imagine the day when our leaders start rationing the water. They also say that we will have electricity, but who will pay for the electricity? You have to have a job to pay for electricity.”

Protests

Vale was the first company to start exploring for coal in Tete, and remains the largest of seven coal-mining companies now operating in the province. Vale resettled around 5,000 people between 2006 and 2011, but the process was marred by conflict.

In January 2012, members of Vale’s largest resettled community, which was moved from Moatize to Cateme, one hour’s drive away, blocked the Sena Railway used to transport coal to the port of Beira to protest conditions in their new village. They said Cateme lacked transportation and jobs, that the soil was poor and that their houses were badly constructed without foundations.

Vale workers are now repairing a section of the pot-holed road between Moatize and Cateme and renovating houses that were built without foundations. Vale has also started a model farm to teach the community modern farming techniques and income-generating activities such as poultry breeding.

Luisa Antonio received a loan from Vale to build a chicken run and to buy chicken feed and medicine. The money will be deducted from the profits she earns when the chickens are sold.

“I gained 9,000 meticais (US$300) after I sold the first round of chickens,” she told IRIN. “That is a good payment; it relieves our poverty. But I don´t know how we will manage on our own. We have no transport and there is still no shop here that sells what we need for our business. Vale only helps us for the first four rounds [of breeding]. We are worried.”

However, Antonio is more hopeful than she was before the protest. The projects that Vale has implemented in the community are having an impact, she says, and “if they continue, life will change”. Her son is among 23 young people from the village who are receiving training from Vale on how to become machine operators.

“He will study there for a year… After that, they have promised to give him a job in the mine, but sometimes promises are broken, so you never know,” she said.

Stepping in

Following the protest, the provincial government also appears to have realized the need to become more involved in resettlement processes.

“We were not prepared – that was our mistake. We were not there when Vale started the resettlement process. A lot of things went wrong in the beginning,” said Américo Conceicão, acting provincial permanent secretary.

According to Conceicão, Vale used a consulting firm to negotiate with the population of Moatize, leaving local government in the dark about what promises were made and about the poor quality of houses built in Cateme.

“Now we are better prepared for new resettlement processes. We have created a model house, and we have an effective resettlement commission. We want to take the lead in the process,” he said.

However, Vale’s coal operations director, Altiberto Brandão, claims that they worked with local government from the beginning and that the houses are of good quality. “We built them five years ago, and not a single one has fallen apart yet. It is a cultural matter.”

Rui de Vasconcelos Caetano of the local organization AAACJ [Association for Judicial Assistance and Support to Communities], who has worked with the resettled communities from the beginning of the process, said that Brandão’s suggestion that cultural preferences accounted for the dissatisfaction with the houses was disrespectful.

AAACJ is encouraging community members to refuse Vale’s offer to renovate their houses, arguing that the houses should be completely rebuilt or that families should be given money to build their own houses. Still, many in the community have already accepted Vale’s offer to renovate.

De Vasconcelos Caetano is sceptical of some of the other measures that Vale has taken since the demonstrations. He argues, for instance, that the agricultural methods used on the model farm are unsustainable, since they use fertilizers and other inputs that the communities will not be able to afford on their own.

He is also not convinced that Jindal has learned anything from the Vale experience. AAACJ is now working with the communities facing relocation by Jindal, teaching them about their rights.
The people of Kassoka do not know when their move will take place. Jindal has promised that the new village will contain a clinic, a school, banks and shops, but construction cannot start until the provincial government approves the new plan.

awn/ks/rz source http://www.irinnews.org



About these ads

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,228 other followers

%d bloggers like this: